Checks and Balances

Constitution Sunday: “Publius,” The Federalist XLVIII [James Madison]

New-York Packet February 1, 1788 James Madison, under the pseudonym Publius, wrote about the system of checks and balances housed in the draft Constitution—and how fragile they are. Those checks and balances are “a mere demarkation on parchment of the constitutional limits of the several departments”—those departments being the legislative, executive, and judicial. And the […]

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