Constitution

Constitution Sunday: George Mason, “Objections to the Constitution”

George Mason, “Objections to the Constitution” Circulated early October 1787, published in full in the Virginia Journal (Alexandria), November 22, 1787 Following are excerpts from George Mason’s article, articulating objections to the Constitution, as submitted to the states for ratification: “Gentlemen, At this important crisis when we are about to determine upon a government which is […]

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Constitution Sunday: “Publius,” The Federalist IX [Alexander Hamilton]

“Publius,” The Federalist IX [Alexander Hamilton] Independent Journal (New York), November 21, 1787 Following are excerpts from Alexander Hamilton’s writings in the Federalist Papers: “When Montesquieu recommends a small extent for republics, the standards he had in view were of dimensions, far short of the limits of almost every one of these States.

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Constitution Sunday: “Publius,” The Federalist VIII [Alexander Hamilton]

“Publius,” The Federalist VIII [Alexander Hamilton] New-York Packet, November 20, 1787 Following are excerpts from The Federalist VIII, authored by Alexander Hamilton: “Assuming it therefore as an established truth that the several States, in case of disunion, or such combinations of them as might happen to be formed out of the wreck of the general confederacy,

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Constitution Sunday: Refutation of the “Federal Farmer”: Timothy Pickering to Charles Tillinghast

Refutation of the “Federal Farmer”: Timothy Pickering to Charles Tillinghast Philadelphia, December 24, 1787 Following are excerpts from Timothy Pickering’s letter to Charles Tillinghast, refuting the “Federal Farmer”: “In respect to the organization of the general government, the federal farmer, as well as other opposers, object to

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Constitution Sunday: Letters from the “Federal Farmer” to “The Republican”

Letters from the “Federal Farmer” to “The Republican” New York, November 8, 1787 Following are excerpts from a series of letters published in New York, supposedly from the Federal Farmer to The Republican: “A general convention for mere commercial purposes was moved for—the authors of this measure saw that the people’s attention was turned solely […]

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Constitution Sunday: A Further Reply to Elbridge Gerry: “A Landholder” [Oliver Ellsworth] V

A Further Reply to Elbridge Gerry: “A Landholder” [Oliver Ellsworth] V Connecticut Courant (Hartford), December 3, 1787 Following are excerpts from Oliver Ellsworth’s article, published in the Connecticut Courant: “The vice-president is not an executive officer, while the president is in discharge of his duty; and when he is called to preside his legislative voice ceases.

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Constitution Sunday: Reply to Elbridge Gerry: “A Landholder” [Oliver Ellsworth] IV

Reply to Elbridge Gerry: “A Landholder” [Oliver Ellsworth] IV Connecticut Courant (Hartford), November 26, 1787 Following are excerpts from Oliver Ellsworth’s article: “Such a body of men might be an army to defend the country in case of foreign invasion, but not a legislature, and the expence to support them would equal the whole national […]

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