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President of the United States

Constitution Sunday: “Cato” V

“Cato” V

New York Journal, November 22, 1787

Following are excerpts from an anonymous article published in the New York Journal:

To the Citizens of the State of New-York.

In my last number I endeavored to prove that the language of the article relative to the establishment of the executive of this new government was vague and inexplicit, that the great powers of the President Continue reading “Constitution Sunday: “Cato” V”

Constitution Sunday: Answers to Mason’s “Objections”: “Marcus” [James Iredell] II

Answers to Mason’s “Objections”: “Marcus” [James Iredell] II

Norfolk and Portsmouth Journal (Virginia), February 27, 1788

Following are excerpts from James Iredell’s responses to George Mason’s “Objections” to the Constitution:

IVth. Objection. The Judiciary of the United States is so constructed and extended, as to absorb and destroy the Judiciaries of the several States Continue reading “Constitution Sunday: Answers to Mason’s “Objections”: “Marcus” [James Iredell] II”

Constitution Sunday: George Mason, “Objections to the Constitution”

George Mason, “Objections to the Constitution”

Circulated early October 1787, published in full in the Virginia Journal (Alexandria), November 22, 1787

Following are excerpts from George Mason’s article, articulating objections to the Constitution, as submitted to the states for ratification:

“Gentlemen, At this important crisis when we are about to determine upon a government which is not to effect us for a month, for a year, or for our lives: but which, it is probable, will extend Continue reading “Constitution Sunday: George Mason, “Objections to the Constitution””

Polk’s Expansion of Presidential Power

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James Polk. By: George Peter Alexander Healy. (Detail).

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was the culmination of the Mexican-American War and “embodied the objectives for which [President James] Polk had gone to war.” Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought: Transformation of America, 1815-1848, 808.

Continue reading “Polk’s Expansion of Presidential Power”

The First Presidential Succession

Portrait of John Tyler
Depiction of John Tyler.

Following William Henry Harrison’s death just a month into his presidency in 1841, John Tyler rose to the presidency, in the first instance of a president dying while holding the office. See Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought: Transformation of America, 1815-1848, 589.

Continue reading “The First Presidential Succession”

Andrew Jackson’s Third Term

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Martin Van Buren.

Martin Van Buren, President Andrew Jackson’s hand-picked heir, would carry out many of Jackson’s policies, such as the removal of the Native Americans westward, as he was elected in the election of 1836. President Jackson also fundamentally changed the nature of the presidency.

Continue reading “Andrew Jackson’s Third Term”

Constitution Sunday: “A Citizen of America” [Noah Webster]

“A Citizen of America” [Noah Webster]

Philadelphia, October 17, 1787

Following are excerpts from Noah Webster’s writing:

“Another idea that naturally presents itself to our minds, on a slight consideration of the subject, is, that in a perfect government, all the members of a society should be Continue reading “Constitution Sunday: “A Citizen of America” [Noah Webster]”

The Transcontinental Treaty of Washington

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John Quincy Adams in 1818. By: Gilbert Stuart.

John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State from 1817 to 1825, was a principled, “tough negotiator.” Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought: Transformation of America, 1815-1848, 107.

Continue reading “The Transcontinental Treaty of Washington”

The Defeat of the Bonus Bill

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James Madison. By: Chester Harding.

Following the War of 1812, President James Madison was proudly touting the status of America. It had mobilized its navy to protect trade in the Mediterranean Sea, it had reestablished commercial relations with Britain, and it had pacified the Native Americans. See Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought: Transformation of America, 1815-1848, 80.

Continue reading “The Defeat of the Bonus Bill”

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